Part 2
Landscape analysis

The Landscape Analysis provides the current context of the most relevant Research Infrastructures that are available to European scientists and to technology developers typically through peer review of competitive proposals. It provides an advanced analysis of the scientific needs and existing Research Infrastructure gaps as well as directions for strategic investments in the future that would help maintain Europe’s leadership in the global context. The Landscape Analysis adopts a more service-driven and impact-oriented approach maintaining the principle of excellence science.

The Landscape Analysis is an indicative reference document central to ESFRI Methodology and does not represent, in any way, the view and prioritization of ESFRI, nor any national financial and political commitment.

The Landscape Analysis is organised in three sections.

Section 1 consists of six chapters – one per scientific domain – and describes the state of play of all Research Infrastructures in the corresponding thematic area, their contributions to support frontier research and to provide key data necessary to address the Grand Challenges. Each domain is structured, when needed, in areas or subdomains of research. The gaps, challenges and future needs are analysed for each group of thematic RIs and summarised. For each scientific domain, more general scientific trends have been identified to outline the directions in which the European Research Infrastructure landscape should evolve.

Section 2 is an analysis of the interconnections of the different Research Infrastructures, including more general scientific trends across the different scientific domains. Specific examples of interconnections are shown and discussed indicating in what areas and in which forms the different RIs could work together, and which needs can be addressed by stimulating scientific collaboration across different disciplines. The information on RI-specific interconnections with other domains for the ESFRI Research Infrastructures in Operation Phase or in advanced Preparation Phase is included.

Section3 focuses on the Research Infrastructure services and their broader impacts, describing not what the landscape is, but what it can do. This section has been developed in the form of selected examples in three main areas:

  • the analysis of the relevance of ESFRI Research Infrastructures for Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs);
  • the analysis of capacity of RIs to respond to emergencies (as for example in the case of the COVID-19 crisis);
  • the contribution of ESFRI RIs to the digital transformation (including EOSC).

The Landscape Analysis has been realized by the Strategy Working Groups in the DATA, COMPUTING & DIGITAL RESEARCH INFRASTRUCTURES (DIGIT), ENERGY (ENE), ENVIRONMENT (ENV), HEALTH & FOOD (H&F), PHYSICAL SCIENCES & ENGINEERING (PSE), and SOCIAL & CULTURAL INNOVATION (SCI) for the respective domains.