Part 3
Projects & Landmarks
Physical Sciences & Engineering / Landmark

European Spallation Source ERIC

European Spallation Source

The European Spallation Source (ESS) is a single-sited, multidisciplinary Research Infrastructure based on the world’s most powerful neutron source. The ESS will use nuclear spallation, a process in which neutrons are liberated from heavy elements by high energy protons, a much safer process than nuclear fission used by other operating facilities. The ESS will provide up to 100 times brighter neutron beams than currently available at existing facilities and thus empowering the study of the structure and function of matter from the microscopic down to the atomic scale. The ESS will enable scientific breakthroughs in research related to materials to improve and develop new solutions for health, environment, clean energy, and help addressing some of the most important societal challenges of our time.

The European Spallation Source became a European Research Infrastructure Consortium (ERIC) in 2015 supported by thirteen Founding Member countries and bringing together around 40 European partners and more than 130 global institutions. ESS is currently under construction in Lund (Sweden) and the Data Management and Software Centre (DMSC) is based in Copenhagen (Denmark). The ESS ERIC has a large network of laboratories to exchange knowledge, personnel and experience, and that in many cases will contribute directly through in-kind contributions which are expected to finance more than 35% of the total construction costs. When the ESS User Programme is full established, an estimated two to three thousand visiting scientists will come to ESS annually to perform experiments.

General Info

Lund, Sweden

legal status


European Spallation Source ERIC
S C I D I G I T E N E E N V H & F